Posted in Agnosticism, Atheism, Blasphemy, Everyday life, Morality, Religion, The Conscious Disbeliever

Atheist Spirituality??

That no wise the nature of all things

For us was fashioned by power divine

So great the faults it stand encumbered with.

Titus Lucretius Carus

Lucretius
Lucretius (Photo credit: Ancient Commentators)

I just finished reading  L’Espirit de l’athéisme – Introduction à une spiritualité sans Dieu  by André Comte-Sponville. This book’s title has been translated (??) into English as The Little Book of Atheist Spirituality. Why didn’t they use  “The Spirit of Atheism – An Introduction to Spirituality Without God”?

The book has three chapters:

I) Can We Do Without Religion?

II) Does God Exist?

III) Can There Be an Atheist Spirituality?

In the first chapter Comte-Sponville says that we can do without religion but wants to hold on to certain aspects of religion. Get rid of faith but keep fidelity, keep communion and love. He also thinks that secular rites such as funerals are bad copies of their religious counterparts. He worries that Nihilism is a danger in this new era and proposes Humanism to counter this threat.

The second chapter goes through many examples of the lack of evidence and strong arguments for the belief in a god. Comte-Sponville writes of the mediocrity of mankind, the problem of evil, the ontological argument, the cosmological argument, amongst others. If you are already an atheist you have been there many times before, if not, it will be new territory.

The third and last chapter touches on spirituality. But what is spirit?

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“The human spirit…is our noblest part, or rather our highest function, the thing that makes us not only different from other animals…but greater than and superior to them” 

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“Whatever it is, we can use it to think, to want, or to imagine…. It is the power to think, insofar as it gives us access to truth, universality, or laughter. It is likely that without the brain, this ability would be able to do nothing at all or would not even exist” 

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“The spirit is not a substance. Rather, it is a function, a capacity, an act (the act of thinking, willing, imagining, making wisecracks)”

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In the end he says that it does not matter if this “thing” is the brain. He talks of the capacity to live in the present and give no importance to the past and the future, as they do not exist. He is highly influenced by eastern religion, delving deeply into personal experience as he  goes into an explanation of immanence and  letting go of one’s ego, being part of everything or having what he calls an  “oceanic feeling”.

If by spirit he means the human ability for empathy, awe, ethics and curiosity, that is fine. Give it another name. I am not sure, but “Ethos” would work better for me and remove the possible supernatural connotation.

Humanism is a democratic and ethical life stance, which affirms that human beings have the right and responsibility to give meaning and shape to their own lives. It stands for the building of a more humane society through an ethic based on human and other natural values in the spirit of reason and free inquiry through human capabilities. It is not theistic, and it does not accept supernatural views of reality.

IHEU Minimum Statement on Humanism

See you next time.

Posted in Agnosticism, Atheism, Blasphemy, Everyday life, Family, Human Rights, Morality, Neuroscience, Religion, Science, The Conscious Disbeliever

A+ ? Some thoughts on Atheism+

I came across a post called What’s in a Name? (a.k.a. on Atheism+) on the Subjunctive Morality blog, and later his Confrontationalism and Bridge Burning? (More on Atheism+) post. And this took me to reading some more posts on the matter of this fledgling movement called Atheism+.

I have read with interest the various posts by famous atheists such as Greta Christina , Hemant Mehta and of course the originator of the movement (although some dispute that) Jen McCreight.

And there are more posts by the minute.

Let me start off by saying “I hate you”. I really don’t, but you are making my lapel look like a Boy Scout sash with all the different pins I must wear.

First of all, I consider myself a skeptic (sceptic for those of you in the UK) and a Freethinker. Atheism is only a subset of Freethinking and as has been said elsewhere, the dictionary atheist just does not believe in deities.

But what do I believe?

Well, in matters of what I believe you can call me a Humanist, Humanist with a capital H.

You can also call me a Bright (another one of the lapel pins I regularly wear).

Don’t get me wrong, I am an Atheist and proudly use my scarlet A.

You can be a humanist and believe in deities, but if you are a Humanist, then you are necessarily an Atheist.

If you are a Bright you are also an Atheist, the brights have a Naturalistic worldview free of supernatural and mystical elements, with corresponding ethics and morals.

International Humanist and Ethical Union Minimum Statement on Humanism:

“Humanism is a democratic and ethical life stance, which affirms that human beings have the right and responsibility to give meaning and shape to their own lives. It stands for the building of a more humane society through an ethic based on human and other natural values in the spirit of reason and free inquiry through human capabilities. It is not theistic, and it does not accept supernatural views of reality.”

 

In my opinion Atheism+ is Humanism but done in an outspoken manner  or as I read in a comment by Andy to this post It’s Just Atheism, Part II (or Why A+ Already Exists) “Atheism+ is Humanism on steroids”.

Symbol of the Brights
Symbol of the Brights (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Just a few of the symbols I wear on my lapel (not all at the same time…I was just kidding about the sash).

We can use all the labels that we wish, but let us strive to be true Humanists with respect for the rights of others and not just have a nice declaration on paper. As a friend of mine always says “Being an atheist does not confer superpowers, you can be an atheist and also be a jerk”.